Arthritis Facts

Arthritis Awareness Day

Causes, symptoms and diagnosis

In some cases, arthritis can be hereditary however a family history of arthritis does not mean you will inevitably get an the condition.1 Arthritis can also be triggered by lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive weight, sedentary lifestyles, increasing age and having occupations that lead to injury and overuse of joints/muscles, however in some cases the causes are unknown.1 Knowing the symptoms and talking to your healthcare professional is the first step in managing any disease.1 Arthritis is associated with a wide range of symptoms, including:

  • Inflammation indicated by joint swelling, stiffness, redness, and/or warmth
  • Persistent muscle and joint pain
  • Tenderness
  • Extreme fatigue, lack of energy, weakness, or a feeling of malaise
  • Stiffness and restricted range in movement or flexibility
  • Joint deformity
  • Symptoms affecting the internal organs1
  • Invisible symptoms e.g. depression and anxiety2

Quick action upon presentation of arthritis symptoms is vital and symptoms should be assessed by a physician, preferably a specialist rheumatologist, as early as possible to access appropriate treatment. Early medical treatment of inflammatory arthritis, particularly in the first 12 weeks, can prevent joint and organ damage, improve long-term function, and increase the likelihood of achieving disease remission.3

Visit here for a fact sheet on 10 things you should know about arthritis

For more details related to World Arthritis Day on 12 October visit here.

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Thanks and credits to EULAR, the European League Against Rheumatism.